Annotated bibliography research paper mla outline
Example of an annotated outline. An annotated outline is an important part of the pre-writing and research process. The annotated outline can help you to see your arguments played out and how different parts of the paper will relate to one another. Consider the purpose of your annotated bibliography and/or your instructor’s directions when deciding how much information to include in your annotations. Please keep in mind that all your text, including the write-up beneath the citation, must be indented so that the author's last name is the only text that is flush left. Sample MLA Annotation. GATP at UVM Outline and Annotated Bibliography The outline and annotated bibliography represent the part of the research process that you will use to complete your Research Paper. The outline of your research paper will include three parts: Introduction, Body, and . · In lieu of writing a formal research paper or in preparation for a larger project, your professor may ask you to develop an annotated bibliography. An annotated bibliography may be assigned for a number of reasons, including: 1) to show that you understand the literature underpinning a research problem; 2) to demonstrate that you can conduct an Author: Robert V. Labaree. In a paper the thesis statement is a sentence that encompasses the main argument/topic that you are addressing within your paper. If your professor has not specified where to place the thesis statement, you could list it at the top of the page before your outline starts, or place it in the Introduction section where it will go in the pomononslici.cf: Dena ten Pas.
- Language & Lit
- How to Write an Annotated Outline & Bibliography
- Welcome to the Purdue OWL
- How To Write An Annotated Bibliography Step By Step
- Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: Annotated Bibliography
- MLA Style Writing Guide: Home
- What Is an Annotation?
An annotated bibliography is a list of resources with citations related to a particular topic or arranged thematically that include a brief descriptive or evaluative summary. Harner, James L. On Compiling an Annotated Bibliography.
Language & Lit
New York: Modern Language Association, In lieu of writing a formal research paper or in preparation for a larger project, your professor may ask you to develop an annotated bibliography. An annotated bibliography may be assigned for a number of reasons, including: 1 to show that you understand the literature underpinning a research problem; 2 to demonstrate that you can conduct an effective and thorough review of pertinent literature; or, 3 to share sources among your classmates so that, collectively, everyone in the class obtains a comprehensive understanding of key research about a particular topic.
On a broader level, writing an annotated bibliography can lay the foundation for conducting a larger research project. It serves as a method to evaluate what research has been conducted and where your proposed study may fit within it. By critically analyzing and synthesizing the contents of a variety of sources, you can begin to evaluate what the key issues are in relation to the research problem and, by so doing, gain a better perspective about the deliberations taking place among scholars.
As a result this analysis, you are better prepared to develop your own point of view and contributions to the literature. In summary, a good annotated bibliography In addition, writing an annotated bibliography helps you develop skills related to critically reading and identifying the key points of a research study and to effectively synthesize the content in a way that helps the reader determine its validity and usefulness in relation to the research problem or topic of investigation.
Annotated Bibliographies. The Writing Center. University of North Carolina; Annotated Bibliographies. Purdue University; Annotated Bibliography. The Waldin Writing Center. Waldin University; Hartley, James. New York: Routledge, , p. A description of these strategies can be found here. Choosing Sources for Your Bibliography. There are two good strategies you should use to begin identifying possible sources for your bibliography--one that looks back into the literature and one that looks forward.
Your method for selecting which sources to annotate depends on the purpose of the assignment and the research problem you are investigating.
Be creative in thinking about possible sources, including non-textual items, such as, films, maps, photographs, and audio recordings, or archival documents and primary source materials, such as, diaries, government documents, collections of personal correspondence, meeting minutes, and official memorandums.
Consult with a librarian if you're not sure how to locate these types of materials for your bibliography. Strategies to Define the Scope of your Bibliography. It is important that the scope of sources cited and described in your bibliography are well-defined and sufficiently narrow in coverage to ensure that you're not overwhelmed by the number of potential items to consider including.
Many of the general strategies used to narrow a topic for a research paper are the same that you can use to define the scope of an annotated bibliography. Examples include:. Assessing the Relevance and Value of Sources All the items you include in your bibliography should reflect the source's contribution to understanding the research problem or the overall issue being addressed.
In order to determine how you will use the source or define its contribution, you will need to assess the quality of the central argument within the source. With this in mind, determining whether a source should be included in your bibliography depends on how you think about and answer the following questions related to its content:. Format and Content. The format of an annotated bibliography can differ depending on its purpose and the nature of the assignment.
How to Write an Annotated Outline & Bibliography
Contents may be listed alphabetically by author or arranged chronologically by publication date. If the bibliography includes a lot of sources, items may also be subdivided thematically, by time periods of coverage or publication, or by type.
If you are unsure, ask your professor for specific guidelines in terms of length, focus, and the type of annotation you are to write. Introduction Your bibliography should include an introduction that describes the topic or subject area covered by the bibliography, explains the method used to identify possible sources [such as databases you searched], the rationale for selecting the sources, and, if appropriate, an explanation stating why specific types of sources were deliberately excluded.
Welcome to the Purdue OWL
The introduction's length depends, in general, on the the complexity of the topic and the variety of sources. Citation This first part of your entry contains the bibliographic information written in a standard documentation style, such as, MLA, Chicago, or APA. Ask your professor what style is most appropriate, and be consistent!
If your professor does not have a preferred citation style, choose the type you are most familiar with or that is used predominantly within your major. Annotation The second part should summarize, in paragraph form, the content of the source. What you say about the source is dictated by the type of annotation you are asked to write [see above]. In most cases, however, your annotation should provide critical commentary that examines the source and its relationship to the topic.
How To Write An Annotated Bibliography Step By Step
Things to think critically about when writing the annotation include:. Length Annotations can vary in length, from a couple of sentences to a couple of pages.
However, they are normally about words. The length will depend on the purpose of the annotated bibliography [critical assessments are generally lengthier than descriptive annotations] and the type of source [e. If you're just writing summaries of your sources, the annotations may not be very long. However, if you are writing an extensive analysis of each source, you'll need to devote more space.
Writing Center. University of Wisconsin, Madison; Annotated Bibliography. Walden University; Engle, Michael et al. How to Prepare an Annotated Bibliography. Olin Reference, Research and Learning Services. Writing Center at Campus Library. Information and Library Services. University of Maryland; Knott, Deborah.
Writing an Annotated Bibliography. The Lab Report.
University College Writing Centre. University of Toronto; Norton, Donna.
Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: Annotated Bibliography
Hunter College. Contact us. Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: Annotated Bibliography This guide provides advice on how to develop and organize a research paper in the social and behavioral sciences. The Conclusion Toggle Dropdown Appendices Definition An annotated bibliography is a list of resources with citations related to a particular topic or arranged thematically that include a brief descriptive or evaluative summary.
Importance of a Good Annotated Bibliography In lieu of writing a formal research paper or in preparation for a larger project, your professor may ask you to develop an annotated bibliography.
Encourages you to think critically about the content of the works you are using, their place within the broader field of study, and their relation to your own research, assumptions, and ideas; Provides evidence that you have read and understood your sources; Establishes validity for the research you have done and of you as a researcher; Gives you an opportunity to consider and include key digital, multimedia, or archival materials among your review of the literature; Situates your study and underlying research problem in a continuing conversation among scholars; Provides an opportunity for others to determine whether a source will be helpful for their research; and, Could help researchers determine whether they are interested in a topic by providing background information and an idea of the kind of scholarly investigations that have been conducted in a particular area of study.
Structure and Writing Style I. Types Descriptive : This annotation describes the source without summarizing the actual argument, hypothesis, or message in the content. Like an abstract , it describes what the source addresses, what issues are being investigated, and any special features, such as appendices or bibliographies, that are used to supplement the main text.
What it does not include is any evaluation or criticism of the content. This type of annotation seeks to answer the question: Does this source cover or address the topic I am researching?
Collectively, this type of annotated bibliography characterizes prior research about a topic or serves as a review of the literature before conducting a broader research study.
It generally contains the hypothesis, methodology, and conclusion or findings, but like the descriptive type, you are not offering your own evaluative comments about such content. This type of annotation seeks to answer these types of questions: What are the author's main arguments? What are the key findings? What conclusions or recommended actions did the author state? Collectively, this type of annotated bibliography summarizes the way in which scholars have studied and documented outcomes about a topic.
It is the most common type of annotation your professor will ask you to write.
Your critique may focus on describing a study's strengths and weaknesses or it may describe the applicability of the conclusions to the research problem you are studying. This type of annotation seeks to answer these types of questions: Is the reasoning sound? Is the methodology sound? Does this source address all the relevant issues? How does this source compare to other sources on this topic? Collectively, this type of annotated bibliography offers a detailed analysis and critical assessment of the research literature about a topic.
Choosing Sources for Your Bibliography There are two good strategies you should use to begin identifying possible sources for your bibliography--one that looks back into the literature and one that looks forward. The first strategy is to identify several recent scholarly books using the USC Libraries catalog or journal articles using a comprehensive database like ProQuest Multiple about the topic of your annotated bibliography and review the sources cited by the author s.
MLA Style Writing Guide: Home
The references to sources used by the author will effectively lead you to related sources about the topic. The second strategy is to identify one or more important books, book chapters, journal articles, or other documents on your topic and paste the title of the item into Google Scholar [e. Place quotation marks around the title so Google Scholar searches as a phrase rather than a combination of individual words.
Below the citation may be a "Cited by" reference followed by a linked number.
What Is an Annotation?
This link will direct you to a list of study's that have cited that particular item after it was published. Strategies to Define the Scope of your Bibliography It is important that the scope of sources cited and described in your bibliography are well-defined and sufficiently narrow in coverage to ensure that you're not overwhelmed by the number of potential items to consider including.
Examples include: Aspect -- choose one lens through which to view the research problem, or look at just one facet of your topic [e. Time -- the shorter the time period to be covered, the more narrow the focus [e.
Geography -- the smaller the area of analysis, the fewer items there are to consider including in your bibliography [e.