Childhood obesity effects essay topics

Childhood obesity effects essay topics

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Childhood obesity is a major problem in the United States. Childhood obesity is characterized by a Body Mass Index — the body weight kilograms divided by the height meters — of 95th percentile or higher. It is a significant public health issue because a majority of the processes that lead up to obesity start in early childhood. The World Health Organization says that over million children globally are estimated to be suffering from obesity.

The organization attributes this to poor lifestyle choices such as eating habits and lack of physical exercise.

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This research aims at establishing the role of poor eating habits in exposing children to obesity and overweight.

It will investigate the impact of poor nutrition in the prevalence of childhood obesity. For this study to develop a comprehensive policy direction that will effectively combat the spiraling trend of childhood obesity, it will be necessary to investigate the environmental factors that contribute to poor dietary behaviors among children.

Exposure to TV food advertising and easy access to fast foods are the environmental factors that influence children to prefer certain types of foods at the expense of more nutritionally beneficial ones.

Data will be analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively. The research design shall adopt a mixed approach that integrates both the qualitative and quantitative approach to research. The researcher expects to confirm the hypothesis that dietary behavior is linked to childhood obesity. This hypothesis is linked to findings obtained from secondary research that shows that intake of vast amounts of fast foods and sugary beverages can potentially lead to childhood obesity and overweight.

It is also expected that the data will show that the overweight or obese children eat fast foods more regularly than normal-weight children. Finally, the research will prove that a proper diet is the most effective strategy to prevent childhood obesity.

According to Cunningham, Kramer and Narayan , prevalence of obesity in children increased from 4. Obesity is described as a Body Mass Index — the weight in kilograms divided by the height in meters — reading at the 95 percentile or higher.

Childhood obesity is a significant public health issue because a majority of the processes that lead up to obesity start in early childhood Cunningham, Kramer and Narayan, According to Sinnot , childhood obesity has turned into a public health crisis.

Sinnot describes a public health crisis as a public health problem that affects a large segment of the population, results in widespread health consequences, and creates a heavy financial burden to society.

How To Write A Strong Obesity Research Paper?

Childhood obesity necessarily meets all of these criteria. Prevention of childhood obesity would therefore lead to significant public health gains for society. According to Daniels , childhood obesity is a significant contributor to cardiovascular diseases later in life. It is also linked to many health problems related to the metabolic system, disorders that only adults suffered from but are increasingly appearing in children as well Daniels, Childhood obesity also leads to other health problems later on in life, even if such problems are not manifested in early life.

Daniels notes that recent research shows that young people today have higher blood pressures than did those in the previous decade.

This study will investigate the kinds of foods that play a part in the development of obesity in children in the United States. Childhood obesity prevalence in the United States has been widely documented in the literature. Among the factors that have been established as contributing to obesity in children are genetic predisposition, nutritional factors, and lack of physical exercise World Health Organization, This research will investigate the impact of poor nutrition on weight gain and obesity in children.

According to the World Health Organization , over million children globally are estimated to be suffering from obesity. The high prevalence has been attributed to poor lifestyle choices such as eating habits and lack of physical exercise WHO, Heart ailments, type 2 diabetes, and various cancers are the obesity-related diseases that cause early mortality and long-term morbidity, making childhood obesity a significant public health challenge WHO, Warren et al attribute lifestyle changes to the increase in the prevalence of childhood obesity.

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Long-term treatment of obesity is often very difficult, which makes prevention a viable and cost-effective option Warren et al, Deghnan, Akhtar-Danesh, and Merchant attribute increased intake of energy-rich foods to the increase in the prevalence of childhood obesity. The authors assert that, because food has become cheaper in recent times with the general increase in incomes and reduced cost of living, access to various types of foods has increased and shifted the perception of food from a source of nourishment to that of pleasure Deghman, Akhtar-Danesh, and Merchant, To compound the problem, the authors conclude that research has shown that the fattening effects of increased intake of energy-rich foods is not necessarily offset by a corresponding increase in physical activity, making eating patterns the single most significant contributor to childhood obesity.

Children who frequently eat fast foods are more prone to being obese because of the high fat and sugar content of the meals Deghman, Akhtar-Danesh, and Merchant, However, she warns that weight control should not be allowed to dominate the health agenda of children to the exclusion of other concerns such as their psychological and social wellbeing. Proper nutrition should, therefore, emphasize the eating of balanced meals rather than limiting food intake.

The eating habits of children should be closely monitored to ensure that they do not pick the wrong eating habits from their peers and the mass media. According to Lumeng , children pick their eating habits from their peers beginning from a very early age. The author cites research findings that show that children as young as two years acquire their food preferences from their peers and advertisements.

Advertisers have realized the fact that children will eat what they see other children eating, and use children or characters that appeal to them to sell food meant for children Lumeng, Sinnott asserts that food advertisements have a role to play in the establishment of poor eating habits in children that cause obesity, alongside other factors such as the time they spend indoors playing video games or watching TV.

According to the American Academy of Pediatrics , the excessive consumption of fast foods and soda and a decrease in the amount of cereal fiber, fruits, and vegetables by children increase the risk factors for obesity. Food advertisements targeted at children tend to market fast foods and sweets which increase their predisposition to obesity, while vending machines in schools contain sugary beverages and snacks AAP, Davis et al assert that there is a strong positive correlation between high intake of sugary beverages and soft drinks by children and obesity.

Childhood Obesity Research Paper and Proposal

They also say that there is a correlation between fat intake and obesity. This means that fast foods, which comprise of foods high in fats and sugary drinks, are responsible for the rise in prevalence of obesity in the US. In addition, Davis et al. This research will investigate the eating habits of 6 to year-olds in Washington DC and weight trends.

Childhood obesity effects essay topics

The purpose will be to establish the eating patterns that contribute to overweight and obesity. The next section presents data collection tools and analysis. Friedman and Schwartz assert that the simplest causal explanation for the high prevalence of childhood obesity in the contemporary American society is the huge difference between the amount of energy that is taken in and the amount that is expended through physical activity.

This explanation alludes to the fact that children are eating too much of energy-rich foods but are not taking part in activities that can utilize this energy. Friedman and Schwartz say that, to develop a comprehensive policy direction that will effectively combat the spiraling trend of childhood obesity, it is important to investigate the environmental factors that contribute to poor dietary behaviors among children.

This conclusion alludes to the notion that there are environmental factors that influence children to prefer certain types of foods at the expense of more nutritionally beneficial ones. Certainly, the impact of food advertising on childhood obesity is a current point of focus for many researchers interested in finding out how poor nutrition contributes to obesity.

How to write an obesity thesis statement?

Friedman and Schwartz , p. This conclusion is also taken up by Lumeng , who avers that television food advertising is a great culprit in contributing to poor eating habits among children, ergo childhood obesity.

Such a policy can be implemented at multi-levels, including national, state, and local. They also suggest school nutritional education as a great way of reversing negative eating habits and inculcating better nutritional behavior among children.

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McClaskey cite the Upper Cardozo Medical Clinic in Washington DC as one of the success stories among childhood obesity prevention programs in the country targeting the poor and underserved communities that have also been affected by the pandemic.

The clinic uses the medical home model in which the patients are provided with round-the-clock care that takes cognizance of their cultural values and beliefs and in which there is a constant ongoing relationship between the patients and their caregivers as well as coordination of caregiving between community services and health providers McClaskey, The general aim of the Upper Cardozo program was to provide overweight and obese children aged between 7 and 13 years and their parents with a proper environment that was safe and easily accessible in which to learn better nutritional choices and physical activities that could help control and even reverse childhood obesity.

The literature reveals that one of the most comprehensive approaches to childhood obesity management involves a multi-dimensional approach involving the use of combined nutritional and activity-based interventions, cognitive-behavioral aspect, activities aimed at parents, tracking the activities of their bodies and a positive approach to limiting sedentary behavior and poor eating habits McClaskey, While focusing on the multi-tiered approach to combating childhood obesity, the nutritional factor remains one of the biggest areas in which to focus.

The study shall utilize qualitative data analysis involving the examination and analysis of the available literature on childhood obesity.

Childhood obesity effects essay topics

Quantitative data analysis shall also be undertaken on quantitative evidence pointing to the prevalence of childhood obesity. The aim will be to establish correlations between eating patterns and the incidence of childhood obesity. The data shall be obtained from books, health journals, credible Internet sources, policy papers, guidelines, and national reports.

A qualitative analysis of the data shall guide conclusions as to the impact of food intake on incidence of obesity, the contribution of TV food advertising to the prevalence of childhood obesity, and the most effective nutrition-based interventions. According to Tewksbury , qualitative data analysis looks for the defining characteristics, traits, and meanings of phenomena under study, while quantitative data analysis measures quantities of variables to establish a pattern to enable the researcher to establish a generalized conclusion about the phenomenon.

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  • Qualitative analysis seeks to establish interpretations of phenomena, giving a holistic view of their occurrence, providing contextual and environmental analyses, and deeper understanding Tewksbury, Eating habits and their relationship to weight gain will be analyzed qualitatively. The data that will be captured from the literature shall be both qualitative and quantitative, hence the necessity to analyze it quantitatively and qualitatively.

    The research methodology to be used in this study is discussed in the next section. The researcher has opted for the mixed approach, which is a methodology that integrates qualitative and quantitative approaches.

    The research shall adopt a mixed approach that integrates both the qualitative and quantitative approach to research.

    Borrego, Douglas, and Armelink describe four criteria for establishing whether to use a mixed research methodology. These criteria are; 1 whether the study uses mixed qualitative and quantitative approaches method in the research process, particularly in data collection and analysis procedures as well as theoretical grounding of the research, 2 provision for a detailed description of both qualitative and quantitative procedures as well as sequential and concurrent data collection and analysis, 3 inclusion of the relevant characteristics of mixed method approaches, 4 awareness of the challenges of using the mixed method.

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    These challenges include threats to validity, specifically sampling, sample size, and integration phases Borrego, Douglas and Armelink, Bryman analyzes the inherent challenges that could impede the integration of quantitative and qualitative research methods in order to come up with the mixed approach. These potential challenges include such issues as inherent difficulties in linking the analyses of quantitative and qualitative data.

    This challenge may be overcome by keeping in mind the rationales for adopting the mixed method and to reconcile the rationales and the type of use for the research Bryman, The mixed approach will be advantageous for this study because of the different types of data that will be generated, and that might require a concerted approach to analysis.

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  • The mixed approach has the potential of providing a more holistic view of the phenomenon than either qualitative or quantitative approaches used singly. By addressing the potential shortcomings in data analysis as outlined by Bryman , the researcher will be able to fully benefit from the advantages of using the mixed approach.

    The next section will discuss some of the expected findings from the research. This hypothesis is linked to findings obtained from secondary research that shows that intake of vast amounts of fast foods and sugary beverages have a strong positive correlation with obesity and overweight risk. It is expected that the data will reveal patterns showing that children who regularly eat fast foods and sugary beverages tend to be overweight and obese compared to children who do not.

    It is also expected that the data will show that the children who are overweight or obese partake of greater amounts of fast foods and far more regularly compared to normal-weight children. These findings will support the conclusion that obese children tend to eat more fast foods than their normal-weight counterparts. It will also support the other hypothesis that poor dietary habits of children are responsible for causing childhood obesity and overweight.

    Data on nutrition-based interventions will also show that diet is an important causal factor in childhood obesity. The final expected outcome is the conclusion that a proper diet is the most effective strategy to prevent childhood obesity, even more than physical exercise and slimming pills. The research expects to establish that children who eat regular and healthy meals show better physical and emotional health than children who regularly eat junk foods.