Energy crisis in pakistan essay 2013 movies
Sep 30, · September 30, Energy Crisis in Pakistan Essay: [Energy Crisis in Pakistan] are that it is getting worse Last summer the notional media reported tragic death due to heatstroke and dehydration The energy crisis in winter forced thousands of industries to shut down operations, affecting industrial production and the Livelihoods of. Actually, Pakistan’s energy shortage crisis can be tracked back to the s (Kugelman, ); and in the s, the energy crisis was averted once because of the Mangla and Tarbela dams. However, the strong economic growth needs a large mount of energy; no matter how indigenous energy resources do Pakistan have, it is hard to satisfy the soared consumption of energy. We are facing the worst energy crisis of our history in present years. Long hours of load shedding have crippled industrial progress and badly affected just about every segment of society. It is not that Pakistan is devoid of energy resources, rather the crisis is a result of poor management and criminal negligence of this important domain of life.
- The Solutions of Energy Shortage in Pakistan
- Blog Archive
- Thar coal; the game changer
- Energy Crisis in Pakistan Essay with Outline
In present era of industrialization and technological advancement energy sector has gained prime importance for every country. All countries are in unremitting struggle to fulfill their energy needs and to explore more reservoirs.
New strategies are being devised and successful planning is being done to satiate the hunger for power. Unfortunately Pakistan is lagging behind in this race. We are facing the worst energy crisis of our history in present years. Long hours of load shedding have crippled industrial progress and badly affected just about every segment of society.
It is not that Pakistan is devoid of energy resources, rather the crisis is a result of poor management and criminal negligence of this important domain of life. Pakistan is facing governance problem right from the beginning. Unstable political system and weak democratic institutions resulted in the development of policies which serve the cause of ruling elite rather than national interest. Moreover politicization of projects of national interest like Kala Bagh Dam has further aggravated the power crisis.
Energy crisis in Pakistan is outcome of multidimensional reasons. Most important is increasing dependence of power sector on thermal power generation.
Rising oil prices has burdened the power sector with huge loans. Government debts to oil companies regularly fluctuates to around billion. Consequently, power plants are working below their capacity owing to insufficiency of fuel. Alternate to this source is hydel power generation. It is economical and much efficient source of power, but unfortunately , current hydel power projects are not sufficient to meet the ever rising demand.
The Solutions of Energy Shortage in Pakistan
There is a need to develop new reservoirs for generation of electricity, but as stated earlier such projects have become highly politicised. Moreover, it require considerable time and resources to complete such projects.
So we are unable to get benefit of this cheaper source of energy. Other forms of renewable energy sources like solar, wind and nuclear are also being neglected. All this has led to the energy crisis which we are facing now. Energy crisis has severely affected our economy. Industrial sector has crippled: poverty and unemployment are mounting high.
Before analyzing the e nergy crisis in Pakistan first we discuss the important forms of energy in the world and present scenario of global energy consumption. Sources of energy can be broadly classified into two categories i. Former include the cheaper resources like water, solar energy, wind energy which are non polluting and can be utilized again and again. Latter are fossil fuels, hydrocarbon compounds like crude oil, natural gas and coal, which have polluting tendency and are continuously being depleted due to excessive usage.
At the world level, most of countries are dependent on non-renewable resources for their energy demands. As these resources are being depleted due to excessive usage, resultantly demand-supply gap is widening and nations are worried about these depleting reservoirs.
Crude oil is a major source of energy throughout the world for industrial and other sectors. According to a recent study present global demand of oil stands at 91 million barrels per day but the supply is much less i. Demand is increasing at the rate of 1.
It is estimated that by , the demand will be exceeded further by Million barrels a day. Total oil reservoirs in the world are estimated to be billion barrels. Saudi Arabia is sitting on the largest reservoirs of billion barrels, Canada is second with bb while Iran ranks third in row with bb.
These major oil reservoirs are almost 30 years old on average and out of total bb, bb in expected to be utilized by next 15 years. Another important natural reservoir which is being rapidly utilized in the world is natural gas. Discovered natural gas reservoirs in the world are about trillion cubic ft. Russia is at the top of the list with trillion cubic ft, Iran is second with trillion cubic ft and Qatar follows Iran with trillion cubic ft.
Rising demand of natural gas like crude oil due to rapid industrial and economic growth has also posed the risk of depletion of this important natural reservoir.
Hence at the world level nations are trying to exploit other resources like coal and developing power plants to utilize cheaper, renewable energy resources like hydel, nuclear, wind and solar energy. Now we will briefly discuss the power generation capacity and power plants in Pakistan. Major share of electricity in Pakistan is given by thermal and hydel sectors. Other sources include nuclear and renewable sources like solar and tidal energy with little contribution.
Total installation capacity in Pakistan is 20, MW. Hydel power is second major, but not a properly exploited energy resource. Tarbela Dam, Ghazi Brotha hydel power project and Mangla dam on river are largest source of hydel energy.
Nuclear power sector is another contributor of electricity to national grid, but it has a minor share. Smallest contribution of energy comes from renewable sources of energy and this is the factor behind the power crisis engulfing Pakistan.
In late 80 and early 90s total installation capacity was MW. Robust economic growth in this era resulted in power shortage and a shortfall of Mw. The shortage was success fully overcome by power friendly policy and power was also in excess due to declining economic and industrial growth in South Asia.
Industrial sector was given due importance. Rapid industrialization and robust economic growth increased power demand, which caused shortfall and its severe impact was started to be felt in Domestic sector is major consumer of electricity in our densely populated areas.
As a result of which domestic consumption was raised. According to estimates in fiscal years , use of Air conditioners were increased massively and an additional MW was required to run domestic appliances. This sudden rise in power demands further added to worsening energy crises. Moreover, electricity theft is a major contributor to power crisis in Sub-Continent. Both in large industrial units and domestic sector people manage to get electricity by unlawful means with the help of meter readers.
Rising shortfall clearly depicts that our energy generation capacity is much less than the demand. One of the major reasons is that our energy production is mainly from thermal sector, which require fossil fuels for its preparation. Recent hike in oil prices has worsened our energy crisis.
Government is unable to pay high cost of oil to state owned oil companies. As a result of which thermal power stations are working much below than their original capacity due to shortage of oil. Moreover political interference, red-tapism and bureaucratic hurdles have reduced the efficiency of these state owned institutions.
Resultantly thermal power sector is working much below its installed capacity. Hydroelectric power sector is perhaps the most neglected sector. Pakistan has capacity to generate MW from this sector but only getting MW due to lack of physical infrastructure. Storage reservoirs in our country are not sufficient to meet power demands. Other dams are also facing financial and administrative hurdles in their construction.
Thar coal; the game changer
Due to lack of these storage reservoirs most of the water which can be utilized for power generation and agriculture go unabated to sea. Pakistan utilised about MAF water from Indus river system annually, rest in wasted. Another failure in this important power contributor is mismanagement of existing storage reservoirs. Non exploitation of natural resources and neglecting the renewable energy resource is perhaps single most important factor worsening power crises of our country.
Pakistan has largest coal reservoirs of about in tons, which if utilized have power generating to Billion Barrels of oil. Increased utilization of natural gas for thermal power generation is rapidly depleting its resource and presently we are facing worst crisis of natural gas.
Energy Crisis in Pakistan Essay with Outline
Transport sector is getting badly affected due to this shortage. If these coal reserves are properly utilized and exploited, the depletion of resources of natural gas can be supplemented.
Other unexploited energy resources are renewable resources like solar energy and wind energy. Pakistan in considered to be one of few countries in the world which receive 16hrs sun light on average.
According to an estimate we can generate ,MW of electricity if solar energy is used. Another major contributor can be tidal energy. Pakistan has one of largest coastal belts in the world, which has potential to generate about MW. Rapid population growth and resultantly increase power demand is another cause of energy problem.
Rapid population growth of 2. In order to cover every region, government has to initiate long distance transmission networks so increased financial burdens on power distribution companies and transmission losses due to haphazard distribution system are adding to our power woes.
Power shortage resulting from all these reasons has adversely effected our national interest major sectors of national development have been failed and country in facing worst economic crisis of its history. Impacts of this national disaster are summarized in fallowing paragraphs. Economic sector is badly influenced by power shortage.
According to an estimate power crisis is causing a loss of billion annually. Industrial sector is major contributor of economy.
But it has almost collapsed due to power crisis. Textile industry in Faisalabad which was once called Manchester of Pakistan is badly affected. Out of major textile units about have been closed. Industrialists are planning to shift their plants to Bangladesh for favourable business environment.
About labourers have become unemployed. As a result of which unemployment and poverty rates are climbing high.